The neck has the greatest range of motion of any portion
of the spine, consisting of seven vertebrae, discs, ligaments,
and muscles. As a result, the head, neck, and upper back are particularly vulnerable to pain and instability caused by misalignment, poor posture, injury from motor vehicle accidents, work-related physical stress, aging, and attrition.
Back pain is a common problem, affecting most people at least once in their lives. Back pain can be acute, lasting for days to weeks, or chronic, lasting for months or longer, and commonly results from improper or repetitive lifting, overuse, trauma, fracture, postural strain, degeneration of discs or spinal joints, poor muscle tone, obesity, osteoporosis, or congenital problems.
Rehabilitation for neck and back pain may involve manual therapy, heat and cold therapy, electrical stimulation, traction, exercise programs to improve range of motion, increase strength and flexibility, and increase endurance, and recommendations for safe and proper lifting, performance of office or household tasks, and correct posture.